Analysis of the National Guard Mobilization in support of Enduring Freedom and
other U.S. military actions
v. 1.0, March 2, 2003
The source for most (but not all) of the below can be found at defenselink.mil, specificallyhttp://defenselink.mil/news/Feb2003/d20030219ngr.pdf Defenselink.mil and earlier postings (the DoD puts out a new list most every Wednesday).
Some key points can be made from studying the mobilization of the National Guard and Reserves concerning current US military operations
* Brigade-sized elements of 5 out of 8 NG Divisions have been mobilized
* Units of 6 of the Enhanced NG Brigades have been mobilized, out of 15 brigades available. None of the Enhanced Brigades, however, are 100% mobilized.
An initial analysis of the Army National Guard and Army Reserve mobilization reveals:
1) a very heavy concentration in unconventional warfare. The highest proportion of units activated are Special Forces, PsyOps, Civil Affairs, and Military Intelligence. Nearly all of the available units are activated, and many have been since Afghanistan.
2) Call-ups for certain types of very specialized units. CH-47 Aviation companies are mostly activated (at least 3 NG and 2 AR). Also Transport and Bridge Engineer units for the upcoming Iraq campaign.
3) Force Protection is the next priority. Nearly all National Guard and Army Reserve Military Police units are in service (not to mention many of the Air National Guard Security Police squadrons). There are a total of five battalions of Guard Avengers providing air defense, some for homeland sites, and an increasing number of combat units are being called into service in some sort of security role.
There are other conclusions to be drawn, but perhaps the most obvious is the size of the mobilization. Following 9/11, the Army mobilized somewhere between 12 and 15 battalion sized task forces of armor or infantry, primarily for domestic security. Only a limited number (such as Task Force Santa Fe) were deployed overseas. In 2003, there are at least 20 such task forces, and possibly more to come, almost all of which are to see overseas deployments. Probably about 20% of the Guard's combat potential is currently on active duty.
Here are some of the combat unit deployments, and some notes on each.here
Task Force Santa Fe (35th Infantry Division)(KS) -
HQ 35th Infantry Division (KS)
TF 1-131 Armd (AL)
TF 1-149 Mech. Inf (KY)
35th DIVARTY (KS)
1-161 FA (KS)(155mmSP)
35th Aviation Brigade HQ (KS)
1-108 Avn (KS)
TF 1-167 Cav (NE)
This unit was mobilized in the Winter of 2002, and given the mission of force protection over US bases in Germany. In addition, they were to supplement the Task Force Eagle units in Bosnia. There were four 6-month tours each for about two battalion task forces, mostly drawn from the 35th Infantry Division. At the beginning of 2003, Task Force Santa Fe was being supplemented in this effort by Task Force Keystone. According to the current mobilization listing, most of the 35th command elements are still active as of February 2003, but the 28th Division may take over some of the roles.
In the force protection role, Armor battalions are usually dismounted, and manning armed HMMWVs for a change of pace.
The 35th Infantry Division is also scheduled to head the SFOR #13 rotation in Bosnia in the Summer of 2003.
Task Force Keystone (28th Infantry Division)(PA) - deploying to Germany
56th Brigade HQ (PA)
TF 1-103 Armd (PA)
TF 3-103 Armd (PA)
1-213 ADA (PA)(Avenger)
28th Division's SFOR contribution:
TF 1-109 Inf (Mech)(PA)
TF 1-104 Cav (PA)
Like Task Force Santa Fe, Task Force Keystone is providing both Force Protection over US bases in Europe, as well as supplementing Task Force Eagle in Bosnia. The 28th Division was already scheduled to provide SFOR support in SFOR #12, and would be doing so for at least 6 months. Typically the US deploys one infantry or armored Task Force plus one Cavalry Task force in Bosnia. Other units help reinforce Task Force Santa Fe in Germany.
218th Mech Inf Brigade (SC)
TF 1-127 Armd (NY)
TF 1-263 Armd (SC)
TF 5-117 Cav (NJ)
3-115 FA (TN)
The 218th Brigade was previously scheduled to contribute to SFOR #12 along with the 28th Infantry Division. The armor battalions listed here are not confirmed for SFOR, but are probable considering their configurations (both units have a basic armored battalion, and attached mech inf company, and Cavalry troop).
According to the DoD sources, National Guard units assigned to Europe total at a Division HQ and two complete Brigade Combat Teams, plus support units. This is enough to cover for a Germany-based heavy division to deploy to Iraq.
III Corps - oriented deployments
3rd Brigade, 49th Armored Division (TX)
This unit was mobilized some time ago, to reinforce III Corps units, specifically the 1st Cavalry Division. This is a full-strength Brigade Combat Team, and includes an MLRS battery, Engineering battalion, and other units besides what is listed below. It will probably not be deployed to Iraq, but rather fill out the 1st Cavalry to its full strength.
1-112 Armd (TX)
5-112 Armd (TX)
3-144 Mech. Inf (TX)
4-133 FA (TX)
1-149 Avn (TX)(AH-64A)
Combat Support Units: see below
For III Corps Artillery
2-142 FA (MLRS)(AR)
This unit has probably deployed for action in Iraq
263rd Air Defense Brigade (SC)
three Avenger battalions
May be for either homeland defense or rear-area security in CENTCOM, or both.
For 18th Aviation Brigade
1-130 Aviation (NCNG)(AH-64A)
Probably deployed for action in Iraq
Light Infantry Units. The US has activated a division's worth of light infantry, mostly from enhanced brigades, as part of the current mobilization. The mobilization pattern is unusual in that battalion-sized units are being activated, but not Brigade or Division command elements (the exception is the 29th DIVARTY). This might indicate that these units are being activated for rear-area security for Iraq-bound units, and will be attached to each of the CENTCOM divisions in battalion or brigade-sized task forces.
Units from the 29th Infantry Division:
1-182 Lt Inf (MA)
1-175 Lt Inf (MD)
2-116 Lt Inf (VA)
29th DIVARTY (VA)
2-110 FA (MD)(105mm)
1-246 FA (VA)(105mm)
1-111 FA (VA)(155mm)
3-111 ADA (VA)(Avenger)
Units from the 53th Infantry Brigade
1-124 Lt. Inf (FL)
2-124 Lt. Inf (FL)
3-124 Lt. Inf (FL)
Units from the 38th Infantry Division
1-293 Lt Inf (IN)
1-152 Lt Inf (IN)
1-194 FA (IA)(105mm)
Units from the 41st Infantry Brigade
1-186 Inf (OR)
1-162 Inf (OR)
Units from the 45th Infantry Brigade
1-180 Inf (OK)
Other National Guard key units in support of US forces.
Ft. Irwin National Training Center
TF 1-221 Armd (NV)
Reinforcement to the 11th ACR OPFOR
for I Corps Artillery
Three 155mmSP battalions
Unknown mission. Possibly in support of upcoming Ulichi Focus Lens exercises in March.
in support of SOUTHCOM
One TF in Puerto Rico (105mm Arty Bn, Lt Inf Bn)
US Marine Reserves activated
The Marines have also activated a number of key units in support of operations in Iraq as well: Below are the highlights.
Three major aviation units:
HMH-769 (CA) CH-53 Sea Stallions
HMH 772 (PA) CH-53 Sea Stallions
VMGR 452 (NY): KC-135 Tanker/Transports
One Regimental Landing Team of ground troops
HQ 25th Marine Regt. (MA)
2nd Bn, 23rd Marines (Calif & West)
1st Bn, 25th Marines (New England)
8th Tank Battalion (nationwide)[3 coys]
4th Amphibious Assault Battalion (nationwide)[2 coys]
4th LAR Battalion [2 coys]
Most of the Marine units were confirmed to be deploying to the CENTCOM region.
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