Summary Analysis of the National Guard Mobilization in support of Enduring Freedom and other U.S. military actions
v. 1.0, March 2, 2003

Shawn Dudley

The source for most (but not all) of the below can be found at defenselink.mil, specificallyhttp://defenselink.mil/news/Feb2003/d20030219ngr.pdf Defenselink.mil and earlier postings (the DoD puts out a new list most every Wednesday).

Some key points can be made from studying the mobilization of the National Guard and Reserves concerning current US military operations

* Brigade-sized elements of 5 out of 8 NG Divisions have been mobilized

* Units of 6 of the Enhanced NG Brigades have been mobilized, out of 15 brigades available.  None of the Enhanced Brigades, however, are 100% mobilized.

An initial analysis of the Army National Guard and Army Reserve mobilization reveals:

1)       a very heavy concentration in unconventional warfare.  The highest proportion of units activated are Special Forces, PsyOps, Civil Affairs, and Military Intelligence.  Nearly all of the available units are activated, and many have been since Afghanistan.

2)       Call-ups for certain types of very specialized units.  CH-47 Aviation companies are mostly activated (at least 3 NG and 2 AR).  Also Transport and Bridge Engineer units for the upcoming Iraq campaign.

3)       Force Protection is the next priority.  Nearly all National Guard and Army Reserve Military Police units are in service (not to mention many of the Air National Guard Security Police squadrons).  There are a total of five battalions of Guard Avengers providing air defense, some for homeland sites, and an increasing number of combat units are being called into service in some sort of security role.

There are other conclusions to be drawn, but perhaps the most obvious is the size of the mobilization.  Following 9/11, the Army mobilized somewhere between 12 and 15 battalion sized task forces of armor or infantry, primarily for domestic security.  Only a limited number (such as Task Force Santa Fe) were deployed overseas.  In 2003, there are at least 20 such task forces, and possibly more to come, almost all of which are to see overseas deployments.  Probably about 20% of the Guard's combat potential is currently on active duty.

Here are some of the combat unit deployments, and some notes on each.

here

<u>NATO-oriented Deployments:

Task Force Santa Fe (35th  Infantry Division)(KS) -

HQ 35th Infantry Division (KS)

TF 1-131 Armd (AL)

TF 1-149 Mech. Inf (KY)

35th DIVARTY (KS)

1-161 FA (KS)(155mmSP)

35th Aviation Brigade HQ (KS)

1-108 Avn (KS)

TF 1-167 Cav (NE)

This unit was mobilized in the Winter of 2002, and given the mission of force protection over US bases in Germany.  In addition, they were to supplement the Task Force Eagle units in Bosnia.  There were four 6-month tours each for about two battalion task forces, mostly drawn from the 35th Infantry Division.  At the beginning of 2003, Task Force Santa Fe was being supplemented in this effort by Task Force Keystone.  According to the current mobilization listing, most of the 35th command elements are still active as of February 2003, but the 28th Division may take over some of the roles.

In the force protection role, Armor battalions are usually dismounted, and manning armed HMMWVs for a change of pace.

The 35th Infantry Division is also scheduled to head the SFOR #13 rotation in Bosnia in the Summer of 2003.

Task Force Keystone (28th Infantry Division)(PA) - deploying to Germany

56th Brigade HQ (PA)

TF 1-103 Armd (PA)

TF 3-103 Armd (PA)

1-213 ADA (PA)(Avenger)

28th Division's SFOR contribution:

TF 1-109 Inf (Mech)(PA)

TF 1-104 Cav (PA)

Like Task Force Santa Fe, Task Force Keystone is providing both Force Protection over US bases in Europe, as well as supplementing Task Force Eagle in Bosnia.  The 28th Division was already scheduled to provide SFOR support in SFOR #12, and would be doing so for at least 6 months.  Typically the US deploys one infantry or armored Task Force plus one Cavalry Task force in Bosnia.  Other units help reinforce Task Force Santa Fe in Germany.

218th Mech Inf Brigade (SC)

TF 1-127 Armd (NY)

TF 1-263 Armd (SC)

TF 5-117 Cav (NJ)

3-115 FA (TN)

The 218th Brigade was previously scheduled to contribute to SFOR #12 along with the 28th Infantry Division.  The armor battalions listed here are not confirmed for SFOR, but are probable considering their configurations (both units have a basic armored battalion, and attached mech inf company, and Cavalry troop). 

According to the DoD sources, National Guard units assigned to Europe total at a Division HQ and two complete Brigade Combat Teams, plus support units.  This is enough to cover for a Germany-based heavy division to deploy to Iraq. 

III Corps - oriented deployments

3rd Brigade, 49th Armored Division (TX)

This unit was mobilized some time ago, to reinforce III Corps units, specifically the 1st Cavalry Division.  This is a full-strength Brigade Combat Team, and includes an MLRS battery, Engineering battalion, and other units besides what is listed below.  It will probably not be deployed to Iraq, but rather fill out the 1st Cavalry to its full strength.

1-112 Armd (TX)

5-112 Armd (TX)

3-144 Mech. Inf (TX)

4-133 FA (TX)

1-149 Avn (TX)(AH-64A)

CENTCOM-oriented deployments

Combat Support Units:  see below

For III Corps Artillery

2-142 FA (MLRS)(AR)

This unit has probably deployed for action in Iraq

 

263rd Air Defense Brigade (SC)

three Avenger battalions

May be for either homeland defense or rear-area security in CENTCOM, or both.

For 18th Aviation Brigade

1-130 Aviation (NCNG)(AH-64A)

Probably deployed for action in Iraq

Light Infantry Units. The US has activated a division's worth of light infantry, mostly from enhanced brigades, as part of the current mobilization.  The mobilization pattern is unusual in that battalion-sized units are being activated, but not Brigade or Division command elements (the exception is the 29th DIVARTY).  This might indicate that these units are being activated for rear-area security for Iraq-bound units, and will be attached to each of the CENTCOM divisions in battalion or brigade-sized task forces.

Units from the 29th Infantry Division:

1-182 Lt Inf (MA)

1-175 Lt Inf (MD)
2-116 Lt Inf (VA)

29th DIVARTY (VA)

2-110 FA (MD)(105mm)

1-246 FA (VA)(105mm)

1-111 FA (VA)(155mm)

3-111 ADA (VA)(Avenger)

Units from the 53th Infantry Brigade

1-124 Lt. Inf (FL)

2-124 Lt. Inf (FL)

3-124 Lt. Inf (FL)

Units from the 38th Infantry Division

1-293 Lt Inf (IN)

1-152 Lt Inf (IN)

1-194 FA (IA)(105mm)

Units from the 41st Infantry Brigade

1-186 Inf (OR)

1-162 Inf (OR)

Units from the 45th Infantry Brigade

1-180 Inf (OK)

1-171FA (OK)(105mm)

Other National Guard key units in support of US forces.

Ft. Irwin National Training Center

TF 1-221 Armd (NV)

Reinforcement to the 11th ACR OPFOR

for I Corps Artillery

Three 155mmSP battalions

Unknown mission.  Possibly in support of upcoming Ulichi Focus Lens exercises in March.

 

in support of SOUTHCOM

One TF in Puerto Rico (105mm Arty Bn, Lt Inf Bn)

US Marine Reserves activated

The Marines have also activated a number of key units in support of operations in Iraq as well:  Below are the highlights.

Three major aviation units:

HMH-769 (CA) CH-53 Sea Stallions

HMH 772 (PA) CH-53 Sea Stallions

VMGR 452 (NY): KC-135 Tanker/Transports

One Regimental Landing Team of ground troops

HQ 25th Marine Regt. (MA)

2nd Bn, 23rd Marines (Calif & West)

1st Bn, 25th Marines (New England)

8th Tank Battalion (nationwide)[3 coys]

4th Amphibious Assault Battalion (nationwide)[2 coys]

4th LAR Battalion [2 coys]

Most of the Marine units were confirmed to be deploying to the CENTCOM region.

 

 

 

<a name=”2022603”></a><b>Senior Iraq Defector May Not Have Made It – II</b>

<a href=http://www.debka.com/article.php?aid=266>Debka</a> for full article.

All may not be well for Adib Shaaban, senior aide to Saddam’s powerful son Uday and Iraq’s highest-ranking would-be defector. His attempt to flee to the United States, first revealed exclusively in DEBKA-Net-Weekly 97 (February 14), may not have come off.

First a recap: Shaaban -- charged with Uday’s most sensitive missions -- traveled to Jeddah in early February, saying he needed to put through some gold transactions ahead of the war.

From Jeddah, he flew to Beirut and disappeared.

But he never really went to the Lebanese capital. Instead, he made his way undercover to Damascus Monday and was picked up by an unmarked plane that flew him out of the Middle East.

At least, that’s how Shaaban scripted his plan. But like so many things in the murky world of intelligence, the plan went awry – as is strongly indicated by the fresh information reaching DEBKA-Net-Weekly.

Our sources suggest that upon landing at Damascus on Saturday, February 8, he walked straight into the arms of waiting...

 

 

<a name=3022603”></a><b>Moscow Offers Plan to Prevent War and Rescue Saddam</b>

<a href=http://www.debka.com/article.php?aid=267>Debka</a> for full article.

German chancellor Gerhard Schroeder makes a lightening, unscheduled trip to Moscow Wednesday, February 26, heading back home the same evening. What urgent business takes Schroeder to the Russian capital?

According to DEBKAfile’s intelligence and Russian sources, Russian President Vladimir Putin has stepped into the bipolar crisis over Iraq between the US-led and French-led world blocs with a dramatic proposition for averting war. In this approach, he sees eye to eye with the French, German and Chinese rulers and is eager to consult with the Schroeder on his new plan.

But first, he tried selling it to Iraqi ruler Saddam Hussein. For this mission, he fielded one of Moscow’s diplomatic heavyweights, Yevgeny Primakov. KGB chief Middle East resident in the 1970s, Soviet foreign minister and Russian prime minister under Yeltsin, Primakov is also a longtime close personal friend of the Iraqi dictator from the old days of the Soviet Union.

Primakov landed in Baghdad on Saturday, February...

 

Back to Main


All content © 2003 Ravi Rikhye. Reproduction in any form prohibited without express permission.