The Malayan Campaign 1941-2

v.1.0 November 25, 2001

Terry Coello

Armored and infantry units only detailed.

Allied Land Forces 8.12.41

ABDA Command(General Sir Archibald Wavell)

Malaya Command (GOC Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival) (HQ Singapore)

88,600 troops = 37,000 Indian, 19,600 British, 16,800 local and 15,200 Australian.

[Reinforcements during the campaign comprised 19,000 British, 15,000 Indian and 3,000 Australian to create a peak total of about 125,000.)

III Indian Corps (Lieutenant-General Sir Lewis Heath) (HQ Kuala Lumpur)

9th Indian Division (Major-General A. E.Barstow [kia 28.1.42])

(HQ Kuala Lumpur)

8th Indian Infantry Brigade (Brigadier B. W. Key [to 10.1.42 ]) (HQ Kota Bharu)

2/10 Battalion Baluch Regiment

3/17 Battalion Dogra Regiment

1/13 Battalion Frontier Force Rifles

1 Mysore Infantry Battalion (ISF)

1 Hyderabad Infantry Battalion (ISF)

22nd Indian Infantry Brigade (Brigadier G.W.A. Painter) (HQ Kuantan)

5/11 Battalion Sikh Regiment

2/18 Battalion Royal Garhwal Rifles

2/12 Battalion Frontier Force Regiment

11th Indian Division (Major-General D.M. Murray-Lyon [to 23.12.41]) (HQ Sungei Patani)

1 Bahawalpur Infantry Battalion (ISF)

3 [Indian] Cavalry Regiment (motorised)

6th Indian Infantry Brigade (Brigadier W.O. Lay [to

23.12.41]) (N.W. Malaya)

2 Battalion East Surrey Regiment

1/8 Battalion Punjab Regiment

2/16 Battalion Punjab Regiment

15th Indian Infantry Brigade (Brigadier K.A. Garrett [to 23.12.41])

1 Battalion Leicestershire Regiment

1/9 Battalion Jat Regiment

1/14 Battalion Punjab Regiment

Krohcol (Lieutenant Colonel H.D. Moorhead) (Kroh, Penang & N.W. Malaya)

3/16 Battalion Punjab Regiment

5/14 Battalion Punjab Regiment

2/3 Australian Motor Company

28th Indian Infantry Brigade (Brigadier W. St. J. Carpendale [to 23.12.41]) (Ipoh)

[from III Corps reserve to 11 Indian Div. 8.12.41]

2/1 Battalion Gurkha Rifles

2/2 Battalion Gurkha Rifles

2/9 Battalion Gurkha Rifles

12th Indian Infantry Brigade (Brigadier A.C.M. Paris) (HQ Port Dickson)

1 Battalion Leicestershire Regiment

5/2 Battalion Punjab Regiment

4/19 Battalion Hyderabad Regiment

8 Australian Division (Major-General H. Gordon Bennett) (HQ Jemaluang)

22 Australian Infantry Brigade (Brigadier H.B. Taylor (HQ Endau)

2/18 Australian Infantry Battalion

2/19 Australian Infantry Battalion

2/20 Australian Infantry Battalion

27 Australian Infantry Brigade (Brigadier D.S. Maxwell) (HQ Kluang)

2/20 Australian Infantry Battalion

2/26 Australian Infantry Battalion

2/29 Australian Infantry Battalion

Singapore Fortress (Major-General F.K. Simmons)

1 Malaya Infantry Brigade (Brigadier G.G.R. Williams)

2 Battalion Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire)

1 Battalion Malay Regiment

1 Mysore Infantry Battalion (ISF)

2 Malaya Infantry Brigade (Brigadier F.H. Fraser)

1 Battalion Manchester Regiment (MG bn)

2 Battalion Gordon Highlanders

2/17 Battalion Dogra Regiment

Jind Infantry [] Battalion (ISF)

Karapurthala Infantry [] Battalion (ISF)

1 Battalion Singapore Straits Volunteer Force

2 Battalion Singapore Straits Volunteer Force

4 Battalion Singapore Straits Volunteer Force

 Penang Fortress (Brigadier C.A. Lyon)

5 Battalion 14 Punjab Regiment

3 Battalion Singapore Straits Volunteer Force

Lines of Communication Troops (Brigadier R.G. Moir)

1 (Perak) Battalion Federated Malay States Volunteer Forces

2 (Selangor) Battalion Federated Malay States Volunteer Forces

3 (Negri Sembilan) Battalion Federated Malay States Volunteer Forces

4 (Pahang) Battalion Federated Malay States Volunteer Forces

Armoured Car Squadron, Federated Malay States Volunteer Forces

Airfield Defence Troops

Casualties during the campaign on the mainland seem to have numbered between 13,000 and 25,000.

 

Allied Forces 8.2.42

ABDA Command(General Sir Archibald Wavell)

Malaya Command (Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival) (HQ Singapore)

Some 85,000 troops in 41/3 divisional equivalents including 38 infantry battalions [17 Indian; 13 British; 6 Australian; 2 local; and 11 miscellaneous {= 3 MG; 1 recce; 3 volunteer; and 4 airfield defence}]. There were about 70,000 combat troops; the remaining 15,000 were non-combatant base, administrative and supply troops.All British battalions [except for 18th Division] were under-strength from the mainland campaign. All Australian battalions were under-strength. 1 Indian battalion was at full strength; 3 were newly arrived and only partly trained; 9 had been hastily re-organized and were weak; and 4 were being re-formed and were unfit for action. The Malay battalions had no combat experience. The Straits Settlements Volunteers Force were in general fit only for static defense duties. 4 Indian State Force battalions were suitable for airfield defense duty.

III Indian Corps (Lieutenant-General Sir Lewis Heath) (Northern Area)

11th Indian Division (Major-General B.W. Key)

3 [Indian] Cavalry Regiment [-]

100 Light Tank Squadron [-]

9 Battalion Royal Northumberland Fusiliers [MG bn] [-]

8th Indian Infantry Brigade (Brigadier W.A. Trott)

[Division Reserve]

2/10 Battalion Baluch Regiment

2/18 Battalion Royal Garhwal Rifles

1/13 Battalion Frontier Force Rifles

28th Indian Infantry Brigade (Brigadier W.R. Selby)

company, 9 Battalion Royal Northumberland Fusiliers [MG bn]

5 Battalion 14 Punjab Regiment

2/2 Battalion Gurkha Rifles

2/9 Battalion Gurkha Rifles

53rd British Infantry Brigade (Brigadier C.L.B. Duke)

5 Battalion Royal Norfolk Regiment

6 Battalion Royal Norfolk Regiment

2 Battalion Cambridgeshire Regiment

18th British Infantry Division (Major-General M.B. Beckwith Smith)

Units of this division were newly arrived and untrained for tropical warfare.

5 Battalion Loyal Regiment/18 Battalion Reconnaissance Corps [-]

1 Battalion 3 [Indian] Cavalry Regiment

Detachment 100 [Indian] Light Tank Squadron

Detachment Federated Malay States Volunteer Force

Company Dalforce

54th British Infantry Brigade (Brigadier E.K.W. Backhouse)

2 companies 5 Battalion Loyal Regiment/18 Battalion Reconnaissance Corps

company, 9 Battalion Royal Northumberland Fusiliers [MG bn]

4 Battalion Royal Norfolk Regiment

4 Battalion Suffolk Regiment

5 Battalion Suffolk Regiment

55th British Infantry Brigade (Brigadier J.B. Coates)

company, 9 Battalion Royal Northumberland Fusiliers [MG bn]

5 Battalion Bedfordshire & Hertfordshire Regiment

1 Battalion Cambridgeshire Regiment

1/5 Battalion Sherwood Foresters

Corps Reserve

15th Indian Infantry Brigade (Brigadier J.B. Coates)

The British Battalion [an amalgamation of 1 Battalion Leicestershire Regiment & 2 Battalion E Surrey Regiment    formed 19.12.41]

2/9 Battalion Jat Regiment

3/16 Battalion Punjab Regiment

1 Battalion 8 Punjab Regiment [reforming]

3 Battalion 17 Dogra Regiment [reforming]

8 Australian Division (Major-General H. Gordon Bennet (Western Area)

All Australian battalions were under-strength from the mainland campaign.

22 Australian Infantry Brigade (Brigadier H.B. Taylor)

company 2 Battalion 4 Australian Infantry Battalion [MG]

2/18 Australian Infantry Battalion

2/19 Australian Infantry Battalion

2/20 Australian Infantry Battalion

27 Australian Infantry Brigade (Brigadier D.S. Maxwell)

company 2 Battalion 4 Australian Infantry Battalion [MG]

2/26 Australian Infantry Battalion

2/29 Australian Infantry Battalion

2/30 Australian Infantry Battalion

44 Indian Infantry Brigade (Brigadier G.C. Ballentine)

6 Battalion 1 Punjab Regiment

7 Battalion 8 Punjab Regiment

6 Battalion 14 Punjab Regiment

Area Troops

Special Reserve Battalion, AIF

company, 2 Battalion Malay Regiment

2 companies Dalforce

Singapore Fortress (Major-General F. Keith Simmons) (Southern Area)

1 Malaya Infantry Brigade (Brigadier G. Williams)

2 Battalion Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire)

1 Battalion Malaya Regiment

2 Battalion Malaya Regiment

Company Dalforce

2 Malaya Infantry Brigade (Brigadier F.H. Fraser)

1 Battalion Manchester Regiment [MG bn]

2 Battalion Gordon Highlanders

5 Battalion 11 Sikh Regiment

2 Battalion 17 Dogra Regiment

1 Mysore Infantry Battalion (ISF)

Straits Settlements Volunteer Force Brigade (Colonel Grimwood)

1 (Perak) Battalion Federated Malay States Volunteer Forces

2 (Selangor) Battalion Federated Malay States Volunteer Forces

3 (Negri Sembilan) Battalion Federated Malay States Volunteer Forces

4 (Pahang) Battalion Federated Malay States Volunteer Forces

Command Reserve

12 Indian Infantry Brigade (Brigadier A.C.M. Paris)

2 Battalion, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders [onlyBritish bn with jungle training]

5 Battalion 2 Punjab Regiment [reforming]

4 Battalion 19 Hyderabad Regiment [reforming]

Airfield Protection

Jind Infantry [] Battalion (ISF)

Karpurthala Infantry [] Battalion (ISF)

Protection of Vital Points

1 Hyderabad Infantry Battalion (ISF)

1 Bahawalpur Infantry Battalion (ISF)

Campaign Casualties

Killed in action: 8,000-15,000+

Captured: 130,000 [about 80,000 in Singapore, including 32,000 Indian, 16,000 British and 14,000 Australian]

Equipment lost: c. 740 guns

2,500+ machine guns

65,000 small arms

c. 200 armoured cars

c. 1,000 railway locos and trucks

10 light planes

 

Japanese Land Forces

Under command of Southern Army (Field Marshal Count Hisaichi Terauchi)

Twentieth Army (Lieutenant-General Tomoyuki Yamashita)

(CoS Lieutenant-General Sosaku Suzuki)

(Deputy CoS Major-General Manaki)

About 36,000 men, including 28 infantry battalions.

All infantry regiments contained 3 battalions.

5th Division (Lieutenant-General Takuro Matsui)

9 Infantry Brigade (Major-General Saburo Kawamura)

11 Infantry Regiment (Colonel Tsunahiko Watanabe)

41 Infantry Regiment (Colonel Kanichi Okabe)

21 Infantry Brigade (Major-General Eikichi Sugiura)

21 Infantry Regiment (Colonel Noriyoshi Harada)

42 Infantry Regiment (Colonel Tadao Ando)

18th Infantry Division (Lieutenant-General Renya Mutaguchi)

23 Infantry Brigade (Major-General Hiroshi Takumi)

55 Infantry Regiment (Colonel Hiroshi Koba)

56 Infantry Regiment (Colonel Yoshio Nasu)

35 Infantry Brigade (Major-General K. Kawaguchi)

114 Infantry Regiment [-1 company] (Colonel Hitashi Kohisa]

124 Infantry Regiment [did not take part in the Singapore assault]

Imperial Guards Division (Lieutenant-General Takuma Nishimura)

(CoS Major-General Imaye)

Infantry Group (Major-General Takashi Kobayashi)

3 Battalion, 3 Guards Infantry Regiment

4 Guards Infantry Regiment (Colonel Kentaro Kunishi)

5 Guards Infantry Regiment (Colonel Takeo Iwaguro)

3rd Tank Group [Brigade]

Casualties

Killed in action: 3,507 [including 1,715 on Singapore]

Wounded: 6,150 [including 3,378 on Singapore]

Total: 9,824

 

 

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