Pakistan Army Divisions 1947-1987
v.2.0 February 12, 2003

Ravi Rikhye

This list was compiled from notes maintained by Ravi Rikhye from 1965 to 1990. An earlier version with less detail was located in the Pakistan Army section.

The following information may not be accurate for raising years for some divisions as sources sometimes do not agree.

If there is no comment after a division that has previously been commented on, please assume there was no change in the division’s mission. If no comment at all is made, please assume the mission was uncertain.

1947 (August 14)

No divisional HQs were transferred to the Pakistan Army on independence.

1947-48

7 Infantry Division [fighting in Kashmir]

8 Infantry Division [Quetta, GHQ Reserve]

9 Infantry Division [fighting in Kashmir]

10 Infantry Division [Lahore]

14 Infantry Division [East Pakistan]

In what can, in retrospect, be seen as an aberration, the fighting in Kashmir stayed confined to the theatre. Pakistan, therefore, was safe from an Indian riposte south of the international border and could make do with just two divisions. The happy assumption that this situation would continue to pertain led to Pakistan’s miscalculation in the 1965 War. The Indian counteroffensive came against Pakistan’s Punjab province, aiming for Sialkot and Lahore, and  causing Pakistan to call-off its Kashmir offensive to meet this new threat.

1950

1 Armored Division*

7 Infantry Division

8 Infantry Division

9 Infantry Division

10 Infantry Division

14 Infantry Division

* One source puts this raising as 1956 instead of 1948

1954 (Pre-American assistance)

1 Armored Division* [GHQR]

6 Infantry [Border] Division [North West Frontier Province, IS and Afghanistan border]

7 Infantry Division [GHQR, Peshawar]

8 Infantry Division [GHQR, Baluchistan, also IS and Afghanistan border]

10 Infantry Division [Lahore, holding]

14 Infantry Division [Dacca, East Pakistan, holding]

15 Infantry Division [Sialkot, holding]

* One source puts this raising as 1956 instead of 1948.

1954

1 Armored Division

6 Infantry [Border] Division*

7 Infantry Division

8 Infantry Division

10 Infantry Division

12 Infantry Division

14 Infantry Division

15 Infantry Division

* Disbanded on reorgnization/reequipment of Pakistan Army after arrival of American assistance. This is possibly the only division disbanded in the Indian and Pakistan Armies since 1947 to date.

1962 [Sino-Indian War took place in 1962]

1 Armored Division [GHQ Reserve, Multan]

7 Infantry Division [dual-tasked: Afghanistan front and Army HQ Reserve]

8 Infantry Division [GHQ Reserve, Quetta]

10 Infantry Division [holding division, Lahore]

12 Infantry Division [holding division, Muree, for central Kashmir]

14 Infantry Division [holding division, Dacca, East Pakistan]

15 Infantry Division [holding division, Sialkot]

 The Pakistan Army operated without an intermediate corps structure, with all divisions controlled by GHQ. Divisions were understrength in infantry, usually seven battalions, due to some peculiarity of US theory imposed on Pakistan. 12 Division was four brigades, additional battalions were Azad Kashmir Regiment [Free Kashmir Regiment] which were not enlisted as regulars in the Pakistan MOD scheme of things, and therefore were outside ceilings set by US and ceasefire agreements with India.

1965 (August) [Pakistan reacted late to the expansion of the Indian Army after 1962]

1 Armored Division [Army HQ Reserve]

6 Armored Division [Upgraded independent armored brigade, raised 1965, without US permission]

7 Infantry Division

8 Infantry Division

10 Infantry Division

11 Infantry Division [Raised 1964 from reserve stocks, without US permission] [paired with 1st Armored Division]

12 Infantry Division

14 Infantry Division

15 Infantry Division

Pakistan had just one corps HQ. I Corps controlled the front from the Chenab River to the Sutluj River, 500 kilometers. It had the 6th, 8th, 10th, 11th, and 15th Divisions. Before the war its AOR was reduced to the Chenab-Ravi corridor. All other divisions were directly controlled by GHQ.

1966-68

1 Armored Division [GHQ Reserve]

6 Armored Division [I Corps, division at Kharian]

7 Infantry Division [GHQ Reserve, paired with 1st Armored Division]

8 Infantry Division [I Corps, Sialkot, holding division]

9 Infantry Division [GHQ Reserve, based at Kharian, paired with 6th Armored Division]

10 Infantry Division [IV Corps, holding division, Lahore]

11 Infantry Division [IV Corps, holding division, Lahore]

12 Infantry Division [Central Kashmir]

14 Infantry Division [Dacca, East Pakistan]

15 Infantry Division [Sialkot, I Corps]

16 Infantry Division [Replaced 8 Division in GHQ Reserve, Quetta]

1971 (November) [Just before the official outbreak of the 1971 War]

1 Armored Division [Under new HQ II Corps]

6 Armored Division [I Corps]

7 Infantry Division [Under new HQ II Corps though it was actually a GHQ Reserve]

8 Infantry Division [I Corps]

9 Infantry Division [East Pakistan]

10 Infantry Division [IV Corps]

11 Infantry Division [IV Corps]

12 Infantry Division [directly under GHQ]

14 Infantry Division [East Pakistan]

15 Infantry Division [I Corps]

16 Infantry Division [East Pakistan; the only division that fought till the end in the 1971 War]

17 Infantry Division* [I Corps, raised at Kharian to replace 9 Division as companion to 6 Armored Division]

18 Infantry Division [Raised for Sindh front in 1971 as Pakistan prepared for war, holding division, under GHQ]

23 Infantry Division [Raised for south Kashmir front in 1971 as Pakistan prepared for war, holding, under GHQ]

33 Infantry Division  [II Corps, raised 1971 to replace 16 Division, paired with 1 Armored Division, understrength]

36 Infantry Division**

39 Infantry Division**

9, 14, and 16 Divisions surrendered in Bangladesh.

* Raised to replace 9 and 16 Divisions sent to East Pakistan on the outbreak of civil war. These divisions left their artillery behind for incorporation into the new divisions. 14 Division was permanently stationed in East Pakistan.

** Dummy divisions, raised in East Pakistan, with the intent of deceiving India into thinking Pakistan Eastern Command had more forces than in reality.

1972-73

1 Armored Division [II Corps, GHQR]

6 Armored Division [I Corps]

7 Infantry Division [GHQR]

8 Infantry Division [I Corps]

9 Infantry Division * [GHQR]

10 Infantry Division [IV Corps]

11 Infantry Division [IV Corps]

12 Infantry Division [X Corps]

14 Infantry Division * [II Corps, holding]

15 Infantry Division [I Corps]

16 Infantry Division * [GHQR]

17 Infantry Division [I Corps]

18 Infantry Division [V Corps]

19 Infantry Division [X Corps reserve]

23 Infantry Division [X Corps]

33 Infantry Division [GHQ Reserve]

35 Infantry Division** [II Corps]

37 Infantry Division** [I Corps]

* Reraised

** Sanctioned in November 1971.

1987

1 Armored Division

6 Armored Division

7 Infantry Division [Afghanistan front, XI Corps]

8 Infantry Division

9 Infantry Division  [Afghanistan front, XI Corps]

10 Infantry Division

11 Infantry Division

12 Infantry Division

14 Infantry Division [Suliemanke, holding division, II Corps]

15 Infantry Division

16 Infantry Division

17 Infantry Division

18 Infantry Division

19 Infantry Division

23 Infantry Division

33 Infantry Division [Afghanistan front, XII Corps]

35 Infantry Division [Bhawalpur, holding division, II Corps]

37 Infantry Division [II Corps]

40 Infantry Division [IV Corps]

41 Infantry Division [Afghanistan front, XII Corps]

Force Command Northern Areas* [Division-sized formation, raised incorporating two independent brigades]

* Raised either in 1972 or 1976

 [At this time Pakistan was raising two new corps HQ. XXX Corps [Sialkot] was split off from I Corps, which became Army Reserve North. XXX Corps took 8 and 15 Division, freeing I Corps for offensive tasks. Similarly, HQ XXXI Corps was raised at Bhawalpur, splitting off from II Corps, which became Army Reserve South. The new corps took 14 and 35 Divisions.]

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